Just before you lookout for a new plant to add to your collection of flowers, you need to check out for popular species for your garden.
Nigeria boasts of rich land and vegetation which has given rise to the production of cash crops, fruits, and beautiful flowers. Some of these flowers have become popular, not just in Nigeria, but they are in demand in other countries.
Nigeria National Flower-Costus Spectabilis
Nigeria National Flower is Costus Spectabilis. The country’s official flower is Costus Spectabili, also referred to as the Yellow Trumpet. The flower is a part of the Nigeria Coat of Arms and painted red for a mysterious reason.
The National flower is beautiful and can be found throughout the country. It exemplifies the beauty, multiverse, flourishing, and prosperity of the nation Nigeria.
Other Popularly Grown flowers in Nigeria
There are varieties of flower species to found within Nigeria. In this post, we will unveil some of the popular and commonly grown Nigerian flowers. Here is a list of thirty of them.
Hibiscus is no doubt one of the most popular flowers planted in Nigeria. The plant comes in different colours including blue, red, yellow, black and pink.
It can be grown anywhere if given enough water and exposure to sunlight. It can be planted through vegetative cutting. The extracts of the Hibiscus flower is used in a local drink commonly known as Zobo.
One of the most beautiful flowers you can find in the country is the Rose flower. The Rose flower produces a lovely scent which you would love.
Apart from the beauty of the flower, the scent helps to purify the air and they are used as a symbol of love.
The Aloe Vera plant is a very useful and common plant found in most Nigerian gardens and lawns. The extracts of the Aloe Vera plant can be used to beautify and exfoliate the skin for better appearance. Also, it is planted and used for medicinal purposes.
Ixora Coccinea is grown as a shrub, the flower appears in various colours including white, red, pink, orange and yellow.
Although Ixora can be potted, most gardeners and horticulturists use them as a hedge plant. The flowers can also be used for indoor decoration when placed inside a flower vase.
The torch ginger is a tropical flower which is grown in Nigeria. These large flower plants are available in a plethora of colours and their appearance takes an unusual shape.
They are attractive and can draw your attention when used in flower arrangement decors for events and ceremonies.
The Calla lily isn’t new in Nigeria and other African nations. The funnel-shaped flower has pink, white or yellow petals along with a protruding spike and elongated leaves which gives it a pleasant look.
Alstromeria, also known as Peruvian lily are seasonal flowers which are common among Nigerian florists. They are attractive and available in varieties of colours.
Quite beautiful to watch, this plant grows on walls and is why it is called ‘Climbing Ivy’. Although it grows on walls, it may do harm to the walls. But if the wall is strong, it will be strong to resist crack.
This is an outdoor flower plant which is grown in Nigeria. The plant’s colour depends on the soil’s PH level. Acidic soil will give the plant an attractive blue colour while alkaline will give the flower a pale colour.
Mother In-Law’s Tongue
The Mother In-Law’s tongue is also known as Viper’s bowstring hemp or snake plant is a common indoor plant grown in Nigeria. Apart from decorating the house, it is used indoors to detoxify and purify the air from airborne toxins.
Cacti is a strong desert plant which can survive without water. They do not require water to grow and they live longer. It has thorns and they can be used as hedges or potted plants.
This flowering plant is mostly planted as food in Nigeria but they are planted as flowers due to their bright, rich and yellow inflorescence. Celosia is also known as Cockscomb or Lagos Spinach. It is called ‘Soko‘ in Yoruba.
Cordyline is available in several colours including pink, green, purple and yellow. It is one of the popular grown flower plants in Nigeria.
The Baby’s Breath is also referred to as Million Stars or Gypsophila is a popular grown flower in Nigeria. They belong to the Carnation family and they are used in large and small bouquets including birthdays, weddings, funerals, etc.
Croton is a nice flower made up of a combination of bold warm colours such as red, orange, yellow and deep green. It is attractive and beautiful to behold.
Crown of Thorns
Although the red flower of this plant is attractive and attention-grabbing, it is full of thorns. You can plant this flower on your lawns or gardens to stop people from trespassing or walking on them.
The Dumb cane is a common indoor plant grown in Nigeria. The green and yellow/white flower is often used to remove airborne toxins and improve the air quality of small rooms.
Chrysanthemum is a versatile flower which is commonly used in Nigeria. They are available in virtually all the seven rainbow colours (red, orange, yellow, blue, green, violet, indigo) and they can be employed for large and small bouquets.
Mussaenda is a small ornamental tree, it has hairy leaves, pink petals and yellow flowers.
There are more than 400 species of orchid in West Africa. Orchids can be grown in Nigeria, as a matter of fact, it is one of the most commonly planted Nigerian flowers.
The beauty of the daisy flower cannot be overemphasized, the flower is a symbol of purity and innocence. They can be used as decor for bouquets and for large flower arrangements as well. They do not last long due to their simple, delicate nature.
These flowers are commonly grown in Nigeria, they grow like weeds. However, they aren’t useless because their oil is valuable.
These plants are known for its bright and attractive colourful blooms. It is used for occasions such as birthdays, anniversaries and bouquets.
This hairy flower plant has spiked leaves which are mostly red and dark green in colour. It is useful for medical purposes as it is being used in the treatment of skin diseases and infections
The purple heart acts as an air purifier, it improves the air quality of the home. It is known for its darkish-green pointed leaves and small flowers.
This flowering plant is a Nigerian flower which flourishes and grows well in the warm Nigerian climate. The plant has a height of nearly 5 inches and it is identified by the bright yellow flowers around its four leaves. It is venerable to diseases and pests.
The Mimosa Pudica, also known as ‘Sleeping Grass’ is a popular grown flower in Nigeria. It has a spread of 3 feet and it can grow up to 5ft. They react when touched, it grows best in temperatures around 60 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit in moist and well-drained soils.
These plants are native to Africa and they can be grown in Nigeria. Spider plants come with long slender green and white leaves, they are simple to grow.
Bird of Paradise
Although they are native to South Africa, the Bird of Paradise can be grown in Nigeria. They grow in the tropics and are very popular in the warm Nigerian climate, this is because they need little maintenance and they are likely to grow on all well-drained soils.
Anthurium are waxy petaled flowers which are available in varieties of colours including white, green, pink and red. They are fresh looking and can be used in small and large bouquets.
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